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verb


A verb is a word or a combination of words that indicate an action or a state of being or condition. A verb is the part of a sentence that tells us what the subject performs. Verbs are the hearts of English Sentences.
Example-
Shyam walks in the morning. (A usual action)
Ram is going to school. (A condition of action)
Aman does not like to walk. (A negative action)
Anna is a good girl. (A state of being)
The verb is related to a lot of other factors like the subject, person, number, tense, mood, voice, etc.

verb

Different Type of Verbs

  ·         Finite Verbs
  ·         Non-Finite Verbs
  ·         Action Verbs
  ·         Linking Verbs
  ·         Auxiliary Verbs
  ·         Modal Verbs

Ø  Finite Verbs

Finite verbs are the actual verbs which are called the roots of sentences. It s a form of a verb that is performed by or refers to a subject and uses one of the twelve forms of tense and changes according to the number person of the subject.
Example
·         Ram went to school. (Subject-Ram-performed the action in the past. This information is evident only by the verb ‘went’)
·         Shyam plays.
·         He is playing for India.
Ø  Non- finite Verbs
Non-finite verbs are not actual verbs. They do not work as verbs in the sentence rather they work as nouns, adjectives, adverbs, etc. Non- finite verbs do not change according to the number/person of the subject because these verbs, also called verbal, do not have any direct relation to the subject. Sometimes they become the subject themselves.
The forms of non-finite verbs are- infinite, gerund and participle become finite verbs when they take auxiliary verbs.
Example-
·         Aman went abroad to play. (Infinitives)
·         Playing cricket is his only job. (Present participle)
·         I have a broken (Past Participle)
·         Walking is a good habit. (Gerund)

Ø  Action Verbs

Action verbs indicate what the subject of a sentence performs. Action verbs can make the listeners/ readers feel emotions, see more vividly and accurately.

An action verb can be transitive or intransitive.
·         Transitive verbs must have a direct object. A transitive verb demands something/ someone to be acted upon.
Example
·         painted the car. (The verb ‘read’ asks the question ‘What is she reading’ the answer is the object.

Ø  Intransitive Verbs

Intransitive verbs do not act upon anything. They may be followed by an adjective, adverb, preposition, or another part of speech.
Example
She smiled. (The verb ‘smile’ cannot have any object since the action of ‘smiling’ does not fall upon anything /anyone)
I walked up at 6 A.M. (No object is needed for this verb)
Note: (Subject +Intransitive Verb) is sufficient to make a complete sentence but (Subject +Transitive verbs demand a direct object.)

Ø  Linking Verb

A linking verb adds details about the subject of a sentence. In its simplest form, it connects the subject and the complement- that is, the words that follow the linking verb. It creates a link between them instead of showing action.
Often, which is on each side of a linking verb is equivalent; the complement redefines or restates the subject.
Generally, linking verbs are called ‘be’ verbs which are – am, is, are, was, were. However, there are some other verbs that can work as linking verbs. Those verbs are acted, feel, remain, appear, become, seem, smell, sound, grow, look, prove, stay, taste, and turn.
Some verbs in this list can also be action verbs. To figure out if they are linking verbs, you should try replacing them with forms of the verbs. If the change sentence makes sense, that verb is a linking verb.
Example
She appears ready for the game. (She is ready for the same)
The food seemed. (The food was delicious)
You look (You are happy)

➤Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary Verbs are also called helping verbs. An auxiliary verb extends the main verb by helping to show time, tense and possibility. The auxiliary verbs are verbs, have and do.
They are used in the continuous (progressive) and perfect tenses.
Linking verbs work as main verbs in the sentence, but auxiliary verbs help main verbs.
Do is an auxiliary verb that is used to ask questions to express negation, to provide emphasis and more.
Example
·         Ram is going to school.
·         They are walking in the park.
·         I have seen a movie.
·         Do you drink tea?
·         Do not waste your time.
·         Please, do submit your assignments.
Ø  Modal Verbs
A modal verb is a kind of an auxiliary verb. If assists the main verb to indicate possibility, potentiality, permission, expectation, and obligation.
The modal verbs are can, could, must, may, might, ought to, shall, should, will, would.
Example
·         may want to talk to you again.
·         They must play their best game to win.
·         She should call him.
·         will go there.





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