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present tense

Present Tense




"Tense demonstrates the tome faction in a sentence usually performed by or centered on the subject of the sentence. The actions are called verbs. Verbs change according to tense and other issues. As verbs are the most important elements of English sentences, tenses also carry paramount importance in English grammar."


Tenses are mainly categorized into three types. 


  •         Present Tense
  •        Past Tense
  •         Future Tense


Present tense

Each of the types of tense has four different forms

  • Present Indefinite Tense
  • Present Progressive (Continuous) Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense


Present Indefinite Tense

The present indefinite tense, also known as simple present tense denotes a stative or habitual or eternally true action.

Generally, the simple present tense is used to indicate an action which happens- always, regularly, every day, daily, normally, generally, usually, occasionally, sometimes often, rarely, frequently, nowadays, naturally, seldom, constantly, never, every a week, every year, once a year, on a week, at times, at –resent, now and then, or all the time.


Note: When ‘be’ verbs work as the main verb in a sentence, they are different from the above structure.
Sative verbs

There are some stative verbs that are usually used in simple tenses whether present or past or future.
The stative verbs are;


Examples-


  • I know Anna.
  • He understands it.
  • They love swinging in the park.
  • Some people do not believe in God.
  • I usually wake up at 6.00AM.
  • He plays cricket, but his brother plays football.
  • Earth is bigger than Mercury.
  • The heat of the sun is the least in the polar.



Present Progressive (Continuous) Tense

The present progressive is used to indicate the ongoing time (now). However, the stative verbs do not usually take the form of present progressive even though they refer to the present time.

Now, continually, perpetually, at this moment, at the moment, right now, This session, this year, forever, etc. are usually the signs of a verb to take present progressive tense. However, these signs are not necessary all the time for a verb to present progressive tense.


Structure-



Example- 


  • I am going to the college field.
  • He is coming here for some tips.
  • They are making a basketball ground.
  • Why are you working in that horrible place?
  • Four teams are playing at this moment.


This structure is also used to demonstrate future time.

Example-


  • Peter is leaving for Portugal tomorrow.
  • I am going to complete my task tomorrow.
  • Our bus is leaving at 6:00PM.
  • They are flying to the US next month.



Present Perfect Tense

The Present perfect tense is used which one intends to indicate:

  •   an action that occurred at a time which is indefinite and has its effect on the subject
  • or an action that occurred many times and has the possibility to occur in the present/future
  • or an action that began in the past and still going on in the present.

Structure-




Example-

  • Sam has read the book through. ( No time is indicated)
  • I have read this poem many times. (Not habitual but occurred many times in the past)
  • He has lived in this apartment for 15 years. (Still going on)
  • JUST, ALREADY, YET, NOW, EVER, LATELY, RECENTLY, etc. are some of the signs for the present perfect tense.


Note: Already comes between have/has and the past participle.
 Yet appears with a negative form at the end of the sentence.

Example- 

  • Anna has already reached there.
  • Anna has not reached yet.
  • I have already Cleaned the house.
  • I have not cleaned the house yet.


Present Perfect Progressive (Continous) 

It is the least used form of present tense. Present Perfect Progressive is used to indicate an action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present. Both present perfect and present perfect continuous can be used to indicate this type of action.

Structure-




Example-

  • Anna has been reading for three years.
  • I have been sleeping since 10.00AM.
  • Anna has been working in that shop for 6 years.
  • We have been living together for four years.


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