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INFINITIVE (TO + V1)


INFINITIVE (TO + V1)


  1.       Verbs  are followed by infinitive such as  



     Learn
Remember
Promise
Refuse
Swear
Consent
Neglect
Purpose
Try
Endeavor
Attempt
Fail
Care
Hope
Decide
Hesitate
Prepare
Determine
Undertake
Manage
Arrange
Seem
Forget
Agree
Regret, etc


Example- We Endeavour to invite such persons.
We promise to do this work soon.

2.       Some verbs  are followed by Object and Infinitive such as
Order
Tell
Invite
Oblige
Allow
Permit
Compel
Teach
Instruct
Advise
Tempt
Encourage
Urge
Request
Show
Remind
Forbid
Warm, etc
Example- The teacher instructed the students to go.

3.       Verbs or Expressions like- will, can, do, must, may, let are followed by Infinitive without to
Example- Let him do this work.

4.       Expressions like would rather, would sooner, rather than, sooner than,  had better are followed by an infinitive without to
Example- You had better tell him.

5.       See can be used with an infinitive or without it
Example- Go to see him.

6.       The infinitive is used after adjectives like delight, angry, glad, astonished
Example- I was astonished to find him.

7.       The verb know is never directly followed by the infinitive. It is followed by conjunction and then the infinitive
Example- Do you know to play the harmonium? (Wrong)
Do you know how to play the harmonium? (Right)

8.       …..Had better is always followed by the infinitive without to
E.g. You had better to stop taking the medicine which has harmful side-effects. (Wrong)
You had better stop taking the medicine which has harmful side-effects. (Right)

9.       Infinitive is not used with to after verbs of perception like –to see, to hear, to feel, to watch, etc.
Example- I saw him cross the street.

10.   Avoid using split-infinitive:
Example- He planned to not go on a vacation this year. (Wrong)
He planned not to go on a vacation this year. (Right)



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