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GERUND & INFINITIVE


GERUND & INFINITIVE


USE OF GERUND (V1 + ING)
   1.       When an action is being considered in general sense, the gerund is used as a subject.
Example- Swimming is used as a subject.

   2.       The gerund is used as subject in short prohibitions.
Example-Smoking is prohibited.
   3.       Verbs  are followed by gerund  such as
help
stop
detect
avoid
finish
dread
mind
prevent
dislike
risk
deny
recollect
no good
no use
resent
delay
postpone
defer
enjoy
forgive
pardon
excuse
suggest, etc
Example- It is no use saying.
   4.       A gerund is placed after a preposition:
Example- She is tired of walking.
But the prepositions except and but are followed by an infinitive.
   5.       A gerund, showing physical activity, is put after come or go
Example- He is to go shooting
   6.       Nouns followed by a gerund, are put in the possessive case.
Example- He hates his brother’s drinking every day.
   7.       If there is a sense of dislike, hesitation, risk, etc. In a sentence, use a gerund.
Example- I dislike reading cheap novels.
  8.       Adjective before gerund are put in the possessive case.
Example- I do not mind your going away.
   9.       With a view to is always followed by a gerund and not an adjective.
Example- We go to school with a view to studying.


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