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preposition rules

preposition rules

A Preposition in a word used with a noun or pronoun to show its relation to some other word in a sentence.

Prepositions of Time

➤ At is used:
with a definite point of time
e.g I usually get up at 5 o'clock.
with festivals
e.g. He will come to Holi.

➤ In is used:
with the parts of the day, (with noon, use at), months, seasons and years
e.g. He takes a walk in the afternoon.

with the future tense referring to the period in which action may take place
e.g. You must be careful in the future.

➤ On is used: 
with days and dates
e.g. My brother will arrive on Monday.

➤ By refers to: 
the latest time at which an action will be over
e.g. The examination will be over by 5 p.m.

➤ For is used:
 with perfect continuous tense showing the duration of action
e.g. I have been here for three years.

Since is used:
with the point of time when the action begins and continues
e.g. He has been ill since last Tuesday.

➤ From refers to: 
the starting point of action
e.g. This water came from a spring.

PREPOSITIONS OF POSITION

➤ At refers to:
 an exact point
e.g. The tourist stayed at the Tourist Hotel.
He studied at Oxford.
➤ In refers to: 
larger areas
e.g. He lives in Bombay.
 Between is used:
 for two persons or two things.
e.g. Share these sweets between him and me.
➤ Among is used:
with more than two persons or things but before the word which starts with a consonant letter
e.g. Divide the sweets among the three boys.
➤ Amongst is also used:
with more than two persons or things but before the word which starts with a vowel letter
e.g. Divide the sweets amongst us.
Above is used: 
for higher than
e.g.The sun rose above the horizon.
➤ Under is used :
for vertically below
e.g. It is shady under the trees.
➤ Below is used: 
for lower than
e.g. When the sun sets it goes below the horizon.
 Over is used:
for vertically above
e.g. There is an aircraft coming over.
➤ Beneath means: 
a lower position.
e.g. the ground was slippery beneath her.



PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION

To is used:
 to express motion from one place to another
e.g. We walked to the river and back.
Towards refers:
to direction
e.g., He saw me running towards him.
Into denotes:
motion towards the inside of something
e.g. She fell into a ditch.
At refers:
 to aim
e.g., He aimed at the bird.
For denotes:
 direction
e.g. I will leave for Pune today.
Against shows:
 pressure
e.g. She cleaned the edge of her Knife against the plate.
➤OFF refers to: 
separation
e.g. He was wiping the sweat off his face.
➤From refers to:
 the point of departure
e.g. The man parted from his friends.

OTHERS USES OF PREPOSITION

About Shows:
Nearness
e.g. His father is about to retire.
Along stands for:
in the same line
e.g.She led then along the corridor.
After refers to:
Sequence
e.g. She came after me.
Across means:
from one side
e.g. He blew a cloud of smoke across the table.
Before stands for:
in front of
e.g.A thief was brought before the judge.
Behind means:
at the back of
e.g. She sat down behind the hedge.
Beyond means:
on the farther side of
e.g. This is beyond his Power.
Beside means:
by the side of
e.g. I sat down beside my wife.
Besides means:
in addition to
e.g. He is quilty of five killings and more besides.

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