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subject verb agreement rules with example

subject verb agreement rules with example


1. Singular subject must have a singular verb.
e.g. He writes; I write.

2. Plural subject must have plural verb.
e.g  They write; We write.

3. Two subjects joined by and will always take a plural verb.
e.g. The doctor and nurse work together.
The doctor and nurses work together.
The doctors and nurse work together.

4. Two singular subjects joined by or or nor will take a singular verb.
e.g. A doctor or a nurse s working in the hospital.

5. A singular subject and a plural subject joined by or or nor will take a singular or plural verb depending on which subject is nearer the verb.
e.g. Neither Deepak nor his friends are joining the tour.
Neither his friends nor Deepak is joining the tour.

6. If the subject is singular and the predicate is plural the verb must agree with its subject and not its predicate.
e.g. Physical conditioning and mental attitude are winning combinations.

7.Indefinite pronouns such as
Someone, somebody, each, nobody, anyone, anybody, one, no one, everyone, everybody, either, neither, etc. always take a singular verb.
8. Indefinite pronouns that indicate more than one (several, few, both, many) always take plural verbs.
e.g. Both of the books required careful reading.

9. Collective nouns (fleet, army, committee, crowd) are singular when the group is acting individually and hence take plural verbs.
e..g. The jury has reached its verdict.

10. Collective nouns are plural when the members of the group are acting individually and hence take plural verbs.
e.g. The jury has argued for five hours.

11. Some words (such as news, measles, mumps, etc) end in---s but represent a single thing. These words need singular verbs.
e.g. The 7 o’clock news is about to begin.

12. Some words (such as scissors, trousers, spectacles, shorts, etc.) end in –s and seem to represent a single thing, but they are two parts to that single thing. These words take plural verbs.
e.g. The scissors are on the table.

13. Words (such as politics, ethics, athletics, etc) that end in ---ics are usually singular and hence take singular verbs.
e.g. Mathematics is his favorite subject.

But these words are singular when they refer to a study, science or practice. If these words have modifiers with them, they become plural and hence take plural verbs.
e.g. His politics are somewhat divided.

14. The title of the books needs singular verbs.
e.g. Great The expectation is a good book.

15. Some nouns in the plural form represent an amount, a fraction, or an element of time. These nouns are considered singular and hence take singular verbs.
e.g. Sixty minutes is enough to finish this work.

16. If two subjects are joined together by as well as the verb will act according to the first subject.
e.g. Students, as well as the teacher, are playing.
17. The subject Many a…... is always followed by the singular verb.
e.g. Many a man was drowned in the sea.

18. If two subjects are joined together by with the verb will act according to the subject.
e.g. The principle together with his students was seeing the final match.

19. If the subject is The number of….. use a singular verb.
e.g. The number of books is very small.

20. If the subject begins with A number of…… (=many), use a plural verb.
e.g. A number of books are missing.

21. If two subjects express one idea, use a singular verb.
e.g. Bread and butter is wholesome food.

22. When adjectives such as much, less, little and more are used as nouns, they must have a singular verb.
e.g. A little good habits make our life happy.




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