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adjective


Adjective
An adjective describes or modifies nouns and pronoun’s in a sentence. It normally indicates quality, size, shape, duration, feelings, contents and more about a noun or pronoun.\
Adjectives usually provide relevant information about the noun pronouns they modify/describe by answering the questions:
What kind?
How many?
Which one?
How much?
Adjective enrich your writing by adding precision and originality to it.
Example
The team has dangerous. (What kind?)
I have ten candies in my pocket (How many?)
I loved that red (which one)
I earn more than he does (How much?)
However, there are also many adjectives that do not fit into these questions. Adjectives are the most used parts of speech in sentences. There are several types of adjectives according to their uses.
Types of Adjectives
·         Descriptive Adjectives
·         Quantitative Adjectives
·         Proper Adjectives
·         Demonstrative Adjectives
·         Possessive Adjectives
·         Interrogative Adjectives
·         Indefinite Adjectives
·         Articles
·         Compound Adjectives

Ø  Descriptive Adjective
A descriptive adjective is a word that describes nouns and pronouns. Most of the adjectives belong in this type. These adjectives provide information and attribute to nouns/ pronouns they modify or describe. The descriptive adjective is also called qualitative adjectives.
Participles are also included in this type of adjective they modify a noun.
Example
·         I have fast. (The word ‘fast’ describes an attribute of the car)
·         I am hungry. (The word ‘hungry’ is providing information on the subject)
·         The hungry cats are crying
·         I saw a flying

Ø  Quantitative Adjectives
 A quantitative adjective provides information about the quantity of the nouns/ pronouns. This type belongs to the question category of ‘How much’ and ‘how many’.
Example-
·         I have 20 bucks in my wallet (How much)
·         They have three (How many)
·         You should have completed the whole (How much)

Ø  Proper Adjectives
Proper Adjectives are the adjective form of proper nouns. When proper nouns modify or describe other nouns/ pronouns they become proper adjectives. ‘Proper’ means ‘Specific’ rather than ‘Formal’ or ‘Polite’.
A P.A allows us to summarize a concept in just one word. Instead of writing/ saying write/ say ‘Chinese food’.
Proper adjectives are usually capitalized as proper nouns are.
Example-
·         American cars are very strong.
·         Chinese people are hard workers.
·         I love KFC.
·         Marxist philosophers despise capitalism.

Ø  Demonstrative Adjectives
A demonstrative adjective directly refers to something or someone. Demonstrative adjectives include words: this, that, these, those.
A demonstrative pronoun works alone and does not precede a noun, but a demonstrative adjective always comes before the word it modifies.
Example
·         This car is mine (‘This’ refers to a singular noun close to the speaker)
·         These cats are cute. (‘These’ refers to a plural noun close to the speaker)

Ø  Possessive Adjective
A possessive adjective indicates possession or ownership. It suggests the belongingness of something to someone/this.
Some of the most used possessive adjectives are my, his, her, our, their, your.
All these adjectives always come before a noun. Unlike possessive pronouns, these words demand a noun after them.
Example
·         My car is parked outside.
·         His cat is very cute.
·         Our job is almost done.

Ø  Interrogative Adjective
An interrogative adjective asks a question. An interrogative adjective must be followed by a noun or a pronoun.
The interrogative adjectives are:
Which, Whose, What. These words will not be considered as adjectives of a noun do not follow right after them. ‘Whose’ also belongs to the possessive adjective type?
Example-
·         Which phone do you use?
·         What game do you want to play?
·         Whose car is that?

Ø  Indefinite Adjectives
An indefinite adjective or modifies a noun unspecifically. They provide indefinite/unspecific information about the noun. The common indefinite adjectives are flow, many, much, most, all, any each, every, either, nobody, several, some, etc.
Example-
I gave some candy to me.
I want a  few moments alone.
 Several writers wrote about the recent incidents.
Each  student will have to submit homework.

Ø  Articles
Articles also modify the nouns. So, articles are also adjectives. Articles determine the specification of nouns. ‘A’ and ‘an’ is used to refer to a specify to a specific noun.
Example-
·         A cat is always afraid of water. (Here, the noun ‘cat’ refers to any cat, not specific)
·         The cat is afraid of me. (This cat is a specific cat.)

Ø  Compound Adjectives
When compound nouns/ combined words modify other nouns they become a compound adjective. This type of adjective usually combines more than one word into a single lexical unit and modifies a noun. They are often separated by a hyphen or joined together by a quotation mark.
Example-
·         I have a broken- down.
·         I saw a six-foot-long.
·         He gave me an ‘I’ m going to kill you now’.

v  The Degree of Adjectives:
·         There are degrees of adjectives. Positive, Comparative, Superlative.
·         These degrees are applicable only for the descriptive adjectives.
Ø  Positive Degree:
·         He is a good boy.
Ø  Comparative Degree:
·         He is better than any other boy.
Ø  Superlative Degree:
·         He is the best boy.






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